Sunday, December 6, 2015

The Destruction and Violation of International Law in the Ancient Capital of Sindh By : Advocate Veerji Kohli and Zemira Eli Natan


Advocate Veerji Kohli
UC Chairman Behrano, Nagarparkar. 
International Director 
International Unity For Freedom and Equality
Sindh, Pakistan
video

Bulldozing of Aror Ancient Capital of Sindh
Video Courtesy of Advocate Veerji Kohli
"A civilization Aror bulldozed by A landlord... Everybody silent...
Aror is medieval name of city of Sukkur, Sindh, Pakistan. was the ancient capital of Sindh...

Serious violations of International Law and the Universal declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations have occurred by bulldozing ancient historical sites of indigenous people.
Article 5
Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain and strengthen their
distinct political, legal, economic, social and cultural institutions,
while retaining their right to participate fully, if they so choose, in
the political, economic, social and cultural life of the State.
Article 6
Every indigenous individual has the right to a nationality.
Article 7
1. Indigenous individuals have the rights to life, physical and mental
integrity, liberty and security of person.
2. Indigenous peoples have the collective right to live in freedom,
peace and security as distinct peoples and shall not be subjected to
any act of genocide or any other act of violence, including forcibly
removing children of the group to another group.
Article 8
1. Indigenous peoples and individuals have the right not to be
subjected to forced assimilation or destruction of their culture.
2. States shall provide effective mechanisms for prevention of, and
redress for:
(a) Any action which has the aim or effect of depriving them
of their integrity as distinct peoples, or of their cultural values
or ethnic identities;
(b) Any action which has the aim or effect of dispossessing
them of their lands, territories or resources;
(c) Any form of forced population transfer which has the aim
or effect of violating or undermining any of their rights;
(d) Any form of forced assimilation or integration;
(e) Any form of propaganda designed to promote or incite
racial or ethnic discrimination directed against them.
It is Serious violations of International Law and the Universal declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations have occurred by bulldozing ancient historical sites of indigenous people."

====Advocate Veerji Kohli====



The Ancient Capital of Sindh, Aror
Bulldozed to the Ground

Date: 2 December 2015

Photo Courtesy of Advocate Veerji Kolhi



Zemira Eli Natan
Executive Director
International Unity for Freedom and Equality


Notice:  All Photos and Video are copyrighted.  No reproduction of content, video , or photographs may be reproduced without the expressed written permission of the Executive Director of International Unity for Freedom and Equality

The quantity of Human Rights violations that have occurred with the destruction of this ancient Holy capital of ancient Sindh cannot be accepted by the international community.  It is a serious violation of the rights of indigenous peoples according to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations.  This incident will not remain ignored.  We demand justice for the entire Hindu communities of Sindh for the needless destruction of this sacred ancient capital.  Below is the history of this land and is recorded even in Muslim Chronicles so it cannot go unnoticed!


Aror, the ancient capital of Sindh was the centre of trade and commerce in Ancient India.  Sindhi, Hindi, Punjabi and Urdu were spoken here. People followed the religions of Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Islam in Aror. The name of the Holy city of Aror was derived from a place named Aror which was once the ancient capital of Sindh. It was ruled by King Dahir. In 711 C.E. Muhammad bin Qasim ruled the city and moved the capital to Mansur in the 10th century as a result of a massive earthquake.  We know the history according to the Muslim Chronicles.   The Aroras originated from Aror. They were the Kshatriya of Aror.  

The Kshatriyas were members of the second of the four great Hindu castes, the military caste. The traditional function of the Kshatriyas is to protect society by fighting in wartime and governing in peacetime.  During the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh the Aroras were settled in Amritsar.  In 711 CE the Arabs invaded Sindh led by 17 year old Muhammad bib Qasim and Sukkhur and all of Sindh and lower Punjab. became part of the Umayyad Caliphate.


According to Bhim Singh Dahiya, Aror was the capital of the Rai Dynasty.  Rai means "king."

Rai Diwaij was a powerful chief who whose rule extended up to Kashmir and Kannauj kingdoms in the East, Makran and the Arabian Sea in the West, Saurashtra in the South and Kandhan and Seistan and the hills of Sulaiman in the North.  He formed alliances with most of the rulers of India.  Raj Diwaij's son was Rai Siharas and his son was Rai Sahasi.  These were kings of the Rai Dynasty.  The Rai Dynasty ruled over Sindh for nearly 202 years.  Rai Sahiras II was the second last ruler of the Rai Dynasty and patronized Hinduism as well as Buddhism around 610 C.E.

"The rulers of the Rai Dynasty patronized both the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism.  This is evidenced by the ruins and the description of that era in the Muslim Chronicles.  Rai Dynasty emporers established a Temple of Shiva located in Sukkhur close to their capital of Aror on the banks of the Indus River."


----Anupama Verma----



Ancient Remains of Aror
Photo Courtesy of Advocate Veerji Kohli

Ancient Remains of Aror
Photo Courtesy of Advocate Veerji Kohli

Photo Courtesy of Advocate Veerji Kohli

Bulldozing of Ancient Capital of Sindh
Date:  2 December 2015
Photo Courtesy of Advocate Veerji Kohli




Advocate Veerji Kohli
UC Chairman Behrano, Nagarparkar
International Director
International Unity for Freedom and Equality
Sindh, Pakistan

Zemira Eli Natan 
Executive Director 
International Unity for Freedom and Equality

Thursday, November 19, 2015

Terror for Minorities In The Plateau Region of Nigeria Part 2 By: Arandong Ngocheck and Zemira Eli Natan





Zemira Eli Natan
Executive Director
International Unity for Freedom and Equality



Disclaimer:  All photographs and video contained in this report are copyrighted and may not be reproduced in any way without written consent of the Executive Director of International Unity for Freedom and Equality
Victims of Bomb Blast in Kano  Nigeria
7:47AM

Photo Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck
Victim of Kano Bomb Blast in Nigeria covered in debri from the blast
7:47AM
November 18, 2015

Photo Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck
Last remains of victims of bomb blast in Kano Nigeria
7:47AM
November 18, 2015

Photo courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck
Graphic detail of the victims of the Kano Bomb Blast in Nigeria
7:47AM
November 18, 2015

Photo Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck
Arandong Ngocheck
Christian Community
Nigeria


****IUFE BREAKING NEWS****

November 18, 2015

The news broadcasts flash there was a bomb blast in Nigeria  in Kano , Nigeria.  I woke up the next morning to find photogrphs sent to me by Mr. Arandong Ngocheck of the victims in their horrific detail.  The message to the world cannot be more clear!  We can no longer allow innocent men, women and children to be massacred in this manner!  IUFE demands that each person who reads this report to make contact with the Christian communities of Nigeria and make every effort to ensure their safety, their shelter, food which is a serious and great need in this region, and medical provisions as access to food centers are met with pursuit and attack by Fulani/Hausa Islamic Jihadi with Boko Haram.  The distance to hospitals from these communities is too far for them to travel with serious injuries.






32 people were ruthlessly murdered as a result of this bomb blast carried out by Boko Haram .
The group that is usually harassing the Christian communities know as Fulani/Hausa Islamic Jihadi has carried out several attacks as reported  by Mr. Arandong Ngocheck in a matter of days.  He has risked his own safety to provide this information which you will never see broadcasted in the world news medias.  Below are photographs of the victims  as can be clearly seen in graphic detail!  This is what terrorism becomes in a country that is inhabited by interlopers who have no regard for human life!  This is what happens when we are separated from the world around us and taught to hate just because the group of people that are being attacked are not one of our own people!  I am not willing to stand by and watch as my neighbor bleeds!  I am not willing to be complacent against enemies such as this who would think nothing to remove me and my friends and loved ones from the face of the earth!  The world ignores my Nation Israel!  Will the world continue to ignore as attacks such as this are occurring worldwide?  Most people I speak to do not even know where Nigeria is other than "someplace in Africa".  These maps should give you a general idea of location!  The video and photographs included in this report should introduce you to the people of Nigeria!  The victims are personal friends!  Friends I would not hesitate to protect and who would do more than the same for me if I were ever in this kind of danger. The photos are graphic.  Sensitive people should view with discretion but definitely should make an effort to enter into this world of daily harassment, discrimination, brutal attacks and crimes against humanity in which these Nigerian citizens like those in Israel my Nation, India , and Pakistan are currently facing!  The world turns a blind eye to these atrocities and we know the problem!  Now it is time to create the solution to these and all such terrorist activity!  We need to be proactive in stopping terrorism from occurring all over the world.  We are not doing a good job in this effort by simply sharing the news!  It is the duty of all human beings to be proactive in preserving life!  Please make contacts with Human Rights groups and Christian organizations working to provide sustenance and medical care in other countries.  IUFE DEMANDS THAT THE PERPETRATORS OF THESE HEINOUS CRIMES AGAINST HUMANITY BE PUT TO JUSTICE TO THE FULL EXTENT OF THE LAW! 











"ZEMIRA", the communities in SHO ward{village} and their locations are as follows :- VEL, RARIN, RAHAI, HUTT, BORONG and RASHAU hamlets.


----Arandong Ngocheck----


Video Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck
Homes of Christians burned to the ground
This is what is left of their homes

"On the 17 and 18 of APRIL, 2014. An attack
was carried out by the fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist at 04 : 37 pmon the 17 of APRIL, 2014 and also on 18 of APRIL, 2014 at about 06 : 37 am on this two neighbouring village's of SAKKASS and GURAHBWAKK of FAN - DISTRICT of BARAKIN - LADI Local Government Area of the MIDDLE - BELT region of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA. During the attacks on this villages, TEN - PEOPLE lost their lives on those faithful days. Our guide to SAKKASS and GURAHBWAKK is MR. JERRY {JEREMIAH} GYANG who lost his elder brother MR. JOSHUA GYANG and his son MR. EZEKIEL JOSHUA GYANG who were among those murdered by the evil fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist. The late MR. JOSHUA GYANG, left behind him five children and their names are as follows : - MR ISA'AC JOSHUA GYANG, MR. DAGWOM JOSHUA GYANG, MISS YOP JOSHUA GYANG, MISS NA'OMI JOSHUA GYANG, MISS ROSE JOSHUA GYANG and their mother MRS. ESTHER JOSHUA GYANG. Before the demised of late MR. JOSHUA GYANG, all his children we schooling. But after his death, only one is now schooling. And the one schooling is MR. DAGWOM JOSHUA GYANG. And also they were scores of injuries of which our guide, MR. JERRY {JEREMIAH} GYANG was among the victims of the attacks by the evil fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist. As you can have a look at the picture, you can see on his head a of bullets and his right EYE has been damaged during the incident. MR. JERRY {JEREMIAH} GYANG is now having permanent marks because of the activities of the fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist who are bend on trying to islamised and have a shariah law at all cost on the good "CHRISTIAN'S" of the MIDDLE - BELT region of NIGERIA especially PLATEAU STATE. The "CHRISTIAN'S" on the MIDDLE - BELT region of NIGERIA, if urgent steps are not put in place by the WORLD - "CHRISTIAN" leaders around the globe, I mean one day the WORLD will wake up and found out that there are no more "CHRISTIAN'S" to found within the MIDDLE - BELT region of NIGERIA if our "CHRISTIAN" leaders continue to behaved as it is currently happening. Because if measures are not put in place right now, I hardly see the "CHRISTIAN'S" of the MIDDLE - BELT region of NIGERIA surviving in this region for the next decade or so. Because it will come to a time that you either take the devil's sword of evil islam or you will be crushed to death. As I write to you "ZEMIRA ELI NATAN". I am not exempted from the evil hands of this idiots and cowards of this fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist. "ZEMIRA ELI NATAN", the activities of this fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist it is on a daily basis over the good "CHRISTIAN'S" of the MIDDLE - BELT region of NIGERIA. On the same day of of 1 NOVEMBER, 2015. I and my WONDERFUL - GREAT friend and indeed a brother to me MR. "SAMM TEE MANGUT" left SAKKASS and GURAHBWAKK village's for onwards journey that took us to KADUNU village of LANGAI district of PYEM - CHIEFDOM in MANGU Local Government Area of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA. Of which twenty one person's were confirmed dead. Our amiable guide to KADUNU village is one MR. JACOB M LANGA who was an indigene of KADUNU before the crisis. KADUNU village is estimated to have a population of about four thousand five hundred and fifty seven inhabitants. And out of the above population, "CHRISTIAN'S" have a good sizeable number of over one thousand population in KADUNU village. What is so astonishing and so scary is that, as at time of filling in this report on the 1 NOVEMBER, 2015, there is no "CHRISTIAN" that is currently living in KADUNU village. All the "CHRISTIAN" houses in KADUNU village are burned down as you can see for yourself some images of the burned houses in KADUNU village. The attack on the KADUNU village took place on the 15 SEPTEMBER, 2015 in the evening of that faithful day. The "CHRISTIAN'S" only visit their home land KADUNU village in the morning hours of 08 : 30 am and will have to go back immediately before 05 : 30 pm local time in NIGERIA. In other to avoid any casualty that may occur on their way back to their safety areas. Now, the "CHRISTIAN'S" - WORLD leaders are so silent about it. If something is not urgently done now to curtail the evil act by this funded islamic-jihadist terrorist by the islamic occultism society, one day it will definitely rear it's head in the USA, EUROPE, ASIA and already the MIDDLE - EAST region is more complex for the "CHRISTIAN'S" to live. "

----Arandong Ngocheck----



Video Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck






Video Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck

Mr. Arandong Ngocheck explains in detail the current situation of Mr. Yusuf Dung.  I spoke with Mr. Dung via video call  with Mr. Arandong Ngocheck and Mr. Yusuf Dung and confirmed the nature of his injuries , his current condition,the date and time of this terrorist attack and the details as described in Mr. Arandong Ngocheck's statements that they are true and accurate:

"ZEMIRA", this is MR. YUSUF DUNG of SHO village in BARAKIN /LADI Local Government Area of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA who was shot on the 08 march, 2015 at early hours of 04 : 45 am. And also, on that same day the fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist came back in evening of 08 March, 2015 @ 08 : 55 pm and murdered his late brother MR. SUNDAY DUNG DACHOLLOM."

MR. YUSUF DUNG, as @ the time of filling in this report, he was just coming back the hospital where he visits the DR for medical check ups. MR. YUSUF DUNG his case is just like some many of them have stress themselves to survive and he has a family to take care of. And the situation is so pathetic.


"ZEMIRA", the current situation I really wonder how I can explain it to you so much that you can understand. Because I really really nearly shed tears because he was really an enterprising person before this incident took place. But now, he has to support himself to walk because of the bullets and he also has a wife and five children who really depend on him for their school fees and he has to pay his rent, electricity, and water bills. Things are really not going on well with MR. YUSUF DUNG right now

"Now, MR. YUSUF DUNG is in JOS the capital city of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA. Because of his condition and the village is always under constant attack, so he can longer stay there with his family until the situation improves in by future."

"The village of SHO in BARAKIN /LADI Local Government Area of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA. You can only access the village with security men right now. Without them, you are on your own if you venture into any trip to the village without the consent of the security men."

Video Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck


"ZEMIRA", this was the little interview that I had with the victim of the incident in the person of MR. BALA TOJE KANGONG of SHO village of ROPP district of BARAKIN /LADI Local Government Area of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA on the 16 of NOVEMBER, 2015"

----Arandong Ngocheck----







Photo Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck
Victim in Hospital moments after he was attacked
7:16 AM November 16, 2015

At the time this incident occurred and the patient, Mr. Bala Toje was rushed to the Emergency hospital in Joss which is approximately 120 Kilometers from the village where the victim resides.  Mr. Arandong Ngocheck confirmed with me the details of this incident.  I was fortunate to be able to speak directly with the victim despite his stress from treatment of his wounds inflicted upon him by Fulani/ Hausa Islamic Jihadi Group with AK47 weapon.  All statements as reported below by Mr. Arandong Ngocheck are true and correct.
"ZEMIRA", the above picture is of MR. BALA TOJE KANGONG of SHO village of ROPP district of BARAKIN /LADI Local Government Area of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA who escaped narrowly from the hands of the wicked fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist on the 15 of NOVEMBER, 2015 @ HURTI village of MANGUNA district of BOKKOS Local Government Area of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA. On that very scene, he lost two of his WONDERFUL - FRIENDS namely :- MR. PIUS LANGBWANG left behind him one wife four children. And MR. JOHN PAM MARKUS who also left behind him a wife and four children too.
Time of the incident was around 07 : 37 am local time in NIGERIA.
MR. BALA TOJE KANGONG'S two hands are all broken by the bullets of the AK 47 by the fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist.

. "ZEMIRA". This are the gun's shot that he got from the bullets of the AK 47 that the fulani /hausa islamic-jihadist terrorist deed to him in SHO village of ROPP district of BARAKIN /LADI Local Government Area of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA."
----Arandong Ngocheck----



Photo Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck
Stitches from AK47 Wound
Attackers are Fulani / Hausa Islamic Jihadi group


Photo Courtesy of Arandong Ngocheck
Stitches from AK47 Weapon Wound
Attackers are Fulani/ Hausa Islamic Jihadi Group

Please make contact with the Reverend of Nigerian Christian Communities in charge:


REV. MUSA VOU JACK, is from SHO village of ROPP district of BARAKIN /LADI Local Government Area of PLATEAU STATE NIGERIA. "ZEMIRA", you can also reach him on this mobile phone number :- +2347083533228

Point of Contact :
Mr. Arandong Ngocheck
Jos Nigeria
Mobile Number:
+2348035459699
Home Number:
+2348023116799

Zemira Eli Natan
Executive Director
International Unity for Freedom and Equality
Skype ID:
zemira 181

Sunday, October 11, 2015

Celebrating Diwali By Zemira Eli Natan




Zemira Eli Natan
Executive Director
International Unity for Freedom and Equality
Of all the festivals of India the light of Diwali illuminates as the lights of the Chanukiya on the Jewish festival of lights known as Chanukah.  But the essence of Diwali captures my heart and continues to flow in Divine light from my soul.  The festival falls usually in the months of October or November.  This year its last days will be celebrated during my own birthday.  I could not hope for a more happier occasion and experience.


The Diwali festival is celebrated across India, but in the southern part of the country, it is more commonly known by its original Sanskrit name Deepavali. Northern and Southern India celebrate this festival at different times, since they follow different calendars. It typically occurs in October or November on "Amavasya," or the new moon when the sky is dark.
In northern India, Diwali coincides with the last day of the Vikram calendar, making it similar to the American celebration of New Year's Eve. In the south, the festival commemorates the day when the god Krishna helped conquer the Assam King Asura Naraka, who had imprisoned or enslaved tens of thousands of people.

During Diwali, Hindus worship and offer thanks to the goddess, who is a symbol of goodness and prosperity. In the Hindu culture, darkness is linked to ignorance, and light is associated with prosperity, so Diwali celebrates the victory of prosperity over ignorance. The festival lasts for five days, with the third day being most prominent.
Diwali is important in the Hindu religion because it celebrates the victory of good over evil and light over darkness.
Before Diwali night, people clean, renovate and decorate their homes and offices. On Diwali night, Hindus dress up in new clothes or their best outfit, light up divas (lamps and candles) inside and outside their home, participate in family puja (prayers) typically to Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth and prosperity. After puja, fireworks follow, then a family feast including mithai (sweets), and an exchange of gifts between family members and close friends. Diwali also marks a major shopping period in nations where it is celebrated.

On the same night that Hindus celebrate Diwali, Jains celebrate a festival of lights to mark the attainment of moksha by  Mahavira and Sikhs celebrate Bandi Chhor Divas. Diwali is an official holiday in  Nepal, India Sri Lanka, Myanmar,Mauritus , Guyana,  Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, Malaysia, Singapore, Fiji and Pakistan.
Diwali is derived from the Sanskrit fusion word Dīpāvali, formed from dīpa (दीप, "light" or "lamp and āvalī(आवली, "series, line, row Dīpāvali or Deepavali thus meant a "row" or "series of lights". Its celebration include millions of lights shining on housetops, outside doors and windows, around temples and other buildings in the communities and countries where it is observed Diwali (English pronunciation: /dɨˈwɑːliː/)  is variously named and spelled/pronounced in diverse languages of India: 'deepabali' (Odia: ଦିପାବଲି), 'deepaboli' (Bengali: দীপাবলী), 'deepavali' (Assamese: দীপাৱলী, Kannada: ದೀಪಾವಳಿ,Malayalam: ദീപാവലി, Tamil: தீபாவளி and Telugu: దీపావళి), 'divali' (Gujarati: દિવાળી, Hindi: दिवाली,Marathi:दिवाळी,Konkani: दिवाळी, Punjabi: ਦੀਵਾਲੀ), 'diyari' (Sindhi: दियारी), and 'tihar' (Nepali: तिहार).
Diwali dates back to ancient times in India, as a festival after the summer harvest in the Hindu calendar month ofKartika. The festival is mentioned in Sanskrit scriptures such as the Padma Purana, the Skanda Purana both completed in second half of 1st millennium AD but believed to have been expanded from a core text from an earlier era. The diyas (lamps) are mentioned in Skanda Purana to symbolically represent parts of sun, the cosmic giver of light and energy to all life, who seasonally transitions in the Hindu calendar month of Kartik. Hindus in some regions of India associate Diwali with the legend of Yama and Nachiketa on Kartika amavasya (Diwali night).[23] The Nachiketa story about right versus wrong, transient wealth versus true wealth, ignorance versus knowledge is recorded in Katha Upanishad composed in 1st millennium BC.
King Harsha in the 7th century Sanskrit play Nagananda mentions Diwali as Deepapratipadutsava, where lamps were lit and newly engaged brides and grooms were given gifts. Rajasekhara referred to Diwali as Dipamalika in his 9th century Kavyamimamsa, wherein he mentions the tradition of homes being whitewashed and oil lamps decorating homes, streets and markets in the night.[25] The Persian traveller and historian Al Biruni, in his 11th century memoir on India, wrote Diwali being celebrated by Hindus on New Moon day of the month of Kartika.

Significance
Diwali is one of the happiest holidays in Nepal  and India with significant preparations. People clean their homes and decorate them for the festivities. Diwali is one of the biggest shopping seasons in Nepal and India; people buy new clothes for themselves and their families, as well as gifts, appliances, kitchen utensils, even expensive items such as cars and gold jewelry People also buy gifts for family members and friends which typically include sweets, dry fruits, and seasonal specialties depending on regional harvest and customs. It is also the period when children hear ancient stories, legends, myths about battles between good and evil or light and darkness from their parents and elders. Girls and women go shopping and create rangoli and other creative patterns on floors, near doors and walkways. Youth and adults alike help with lighting and preparing for patakhe (fireworks) There is significant variation in regional practices and rituals. Depending on the region, prayers are offered before one or more deities, with most common being Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth and prosperity. On Diwali night, fireworks light up the neighborhood skies. Later, family members and invited friends celebrate the night over food and sweets.
Spiritual significance
Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains, and Sikhs to mark different historical events, stories or myths but they all symbolise the victory of light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance, good over evil, hope over despair.
The Yoga, Vedanta, and Samkhva schools of Hindu Philosophy share the belief that there is something beyond the physical body and mind which is pure, infinite, and eternal, called the Atman. The celebration of Diwali as the "victory of good over evil" refers to the light of higher knowledge dispelling all ignorance, the ignorance that masks one's true nature, not as the body, but as the unchanging, infinite, immanent andtranscendant reality. With this awakening comes compassion and the awareness of the oneness of all things, and knowledge overcomes ignorance. Diwali is the celebration of this inner light over spiritual darkness, knowledge over ignorance, right over wrong, good over evil.
In the present day Hindus are facing a kind of darkness that threatens their very lives.  They share this in common with Israel who celebrate a Festival of Lights called Chanukah.  Chanukah means Dedication in the Hebrew language.  It is as significant as Diwali as it celebrates victory of light over darkness and victory of the weak over the strong.  The light continues to illuminate.

Sri Lakshmi

Hinduism

Diwali is celebrated in the honour of Lakshmi, the goddess of Spiritual Wealth and Prosperity
The religious significance of Diwali varies regionally within India, depending on the school of Hindu philosophy, regional myths, legends, and beliefs.
Many see Diwali honouring the return of the god Rama, his wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana from exile of 14 years, as told in the ancient Hindu epic Ramayana To some, Diwali marks the return of Pandavas after 12 years of Vanvas and one year of agyatavas in the other ancient Hindu epicMahabharata. Many other Hindus believe Diwali is linked to the celebration of Lakshmi the goddess of spiritual wealth and prosperity, and wife of the god Vishnu. The five day festival of Diwali begins on the day Lakshmi was born from the churning of cosmic ocean of milk by the gods and the demons; the night of Diwali is the day Lakshmi chose Vishnu as her husband and then married him. Along with Lakshmi, devotees make offerings to Ganesha who symbolizes ethical beginnings and fearless remover of obstacles; Saraswati who symbolizes music, literature and learning; and Kubera who symbolizes book keeping, treasury and wealth management. Other Hindus believe that Diwali is the day Vishnu came back to Lakshmi and their abode in the Vaikuntha. so those who worship Lakshmi receive the benefit of her good mood, and therefore are blessed with mental, physical and material well-being during the year ahead. Hindus in India's eastern region, such as Odisha and West Bengal, worship the goddess Kali instead of Lakshmi, and call the festival  In India's  Braj and north central regions, the god Krishna is recognized. People mark Mount Govardhan, and celebrate legends about Krishna. In other regions, the feast ofGovardhan Puja (or Annakoot) is celebrated, with 56 or 108 different cuisines prepared, offered to Krishna, then shared and celebrated by the local community.
In West and certain Northern parts of India, the festival of Diwali marks the start of a new Hindu year.
Sikhism
Diwali for Sikhs marks the Bandi Chhor Divas, when Guru Har Gobind freed himself and Hindu Kings, from Fort Gwalior, from the prison of the Mughal emperor,Jahangir , and arrived at the Golden Temple in Amritsar. Ever since then, Sikhs celebrate Bandi Choorh Divas, with the annual lighting up of Golden Temple, fireworks and other festivities.
Jainism
Diwali has special significance in Jainism. Mavira, the last of the Tirthankur of this era, attained Nirvana on this day at Pavapuri on 15 October 527 BCE, on Chaturdashi of Kartika. According to the Kalpasutra by Achar, 3rd century BC, many gods were present there, illuminating the darknessTherefore, Jains celebrate Diwali as a day of remembering Mahavira.
Description and rituals
Diwali is a five-day festival in many regions of India, with Diwali night centering on the new moon – the darkest night – at the end of the Hindu lunar month of Ashvin and the start of the month of Kartika. In the Common Era calendar, Diwali typically falls towards the end of October, or first half of November each year. The darkest night of autumn lit with diyas, candles and lanterns, makes the festival of lights particularly memorable. Diwali is also a festival of sounds and sights with fireworks and rangoli designs; the festival is a major celebration of flavors with feasts and numerous mithai (sweets, desserts), as well as a festival of emotions where Diwali ritually brings family and friends together every year.
Rituals and preparations for Diwali begin days or weeks in advance. The festival formally begins two days before the night of Diwali, and ends two days thereafter. Each day has the following rituals and significance:
On Dhanteras, diya lights are left burning all night.
Dhanteras
Dhanteras starts off the five day festival. Starting days before and through Dhanteras, houses and business premises are cleaned, renovated and decorated. Women and children decorate entrances with Rangoli – creative colourful floor designs both inside and in the walkways of their homes or offices. Boys and men get busy with external lighting arrangements and completing all renovation work in progress. For some, the day celebrates the churning of cosmic ocean of milk between the forces of good and forces of evil; this day marks the birthday of Lakshmi – the Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity, and the birthday of Dhanvantari – the God of Health and Healing. On the night of Dhanteras, diyas (lamps) are ritually kept burning all through the nights in honor of Lakshmi and DhanvantariDhanteras is also a major shopping day, particularly for gold or silver articles. Merchants, traders and retailers stock up, put articles on sale, and prepare for this day. Lakshmi Puja is performed in the evening. Some people decorate their shops, work place or items symbolizing their source of sustenance and prosperity.
Naraka Chaturdasi
Narak Chaturdasi is the second day of festivities, and is also called Choti Diwali. Typically, house decoration and colourful floor patterns called rangoli are made on or before Narak Chaturdasi. Special bathing rituals such as a fragrant oil bath are held in some regions, followed by minor pujas. Women decorate their hands with henna designs. Families are also busy preparing homemade sweets for main Diwali.
Lakshmi Puja
The third day is the main festive day. People wear new clothes or their best outfits as the evening approaches. Then diyas are lit, pujas are offered to Lakshmi and to one or more additional deities depending on the region of India; typically Ganesha, Saraswati , and Kubera Lakshmi symbolises wealth and prosperity, and her blessings are invoked for a good year ahead.
Lakshmi is believed to roam the earth on Diwali night. On the evening of Diwali, people open their doors and windows to welcome Lakshmi, and place diya lights on their windowsills and balcony ledges to invite her in. On this day, the mothers who work hard all year, are recognized by the family and she is seen to embody a part of Lakshmi, the good fortune and prosperity of the household Small earthenware lamps filled with oil are lighted and placed in rows by some Hindus along the parapets of temples and houses. Some set diyas adrift on rivers and streams. Important relationships and friendships are also recognized during the day, by visiting relatives and friends, exchanging gifts and sweets.
After the puja, people go outside and celebrate by lighting up patakhe (fireworks). The children enjoy sparklers and variety of small fireworks, while adults enjoy playing with ground chakra, Vishnu chakra, flowerpots (anaar),sutli bomb , rockets and bigger fireworks .The fireworks signify celebration of Diwali as well a way to chase away evil spirits After fireworks, people head back to a family feast, conversations and mithai (sweets, desserts)
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Padwa, Balipratipada
The day after Diwali, is celebrated as Padwa. This day ritually celebrates the love and mutual devotion between the wife and husband. The husbands give thoughtful gifts, or elaborate ones to respective spouses. In many regions, newly married daughters with their husbands are invited for special meals. Sometimes brothers go and pick up their sisters from their in-laws home for this important day. The day is also a special day for the married couple, in a manner similar to anniversaries elsewhere in the world. The day after Diwali devotees perform Goverdhan puja in honor of Lord Krishna.
Diwali also marks the beginning of new year, in some parts of India, where the Hindu Vikram Samvat calendar is popular. Merchants and shopkeepers close out their old year, and start a new fiscal year with blessings from Lakshmi and other deities.

Bhai Duj, Bhaiya Dooji
The last day of festival is called Bhai dooj (Brother’s second) or Bhai tika in Nepal, where it is the major day of the festival. It celebrates the sister-brother loving relationship, in a spirit similar to Raksha Bandhan but with different rituals. The day ritually emphasizes the love and lifelong bond between siblings. It is a day when women and girls get together, perform a puja with prayers for the well being of their brothers, then return to a ritual of food-sharing, gift-giving and conversations. In historic times, this was a day in autumn when brothers would travel to meet their sisters, or bring over their sister’s family to their village homes to celebrate their sister-brother bond with the bounty of seasonal harvests.

Festival of peace
On this festive occasion, Hindu, Jain and Sikh communities also mark charitable causes, kindness, and for peace. For example, at the international border, every year on Diwali, Indian forces approach Pakistani forces and offer traditional Indian sweets on the occasion of Diwali. The Pakistani soldiers anticipating the gesture, return the goodwill with an assortment of Pakistani sweets.